The authors in this manuscript have reported an increase in the number of vascular emergencies seen during the early phase of the COVID-19 pandemic in the Lombardy region of Italy. A significant increase in the number of acute limb ischaemia was seen during this phase along with other vascular emergencies. In this review, we have tried to examine this association between increase in vascular emergencies and COVID-19 infection. We have also described the differences in presentations, prognosis and procedural outcomes following operative interventions in these patients compared to the non-COVID patients. An attempt has been made to assess the role of adjunctive measures like intravenous heparin to improve outcomes.
While there is significant awareness regarding droplet and contact transmission, aerosols are generally underestimated as a potential mode of transmission of SARS-Cov-2 infection. With the gradual resumption of cardiac surgical activities, the cardiac surgical operating room will become an important potential source of infection to the cardiac surgeon and other healthcare workers participating in the operation. There is also diminished awareness about the different aerosol generating procedures (AGP) in the cardiac surgical operating room. In this mini-review we intend to highlight the various aerosol generating procedures that are common in cardiac surgery. This will help increase the awareness among surgeons to AGP. A practical approach to taking preventive measures have also been discussed.