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Local impedance and ultra-high density 3-dimensional mapping results in improved ablation metrics for cavotricuspid isthmus dependent atrial flutter compared with conventional ablation and contact force-guided ablation with 3-dimensional mapping
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  • Karan Saraf,
  • Nicholas Black,
  • Clifford Garratt,
  • Sahrkaw Muhyaldeen,
  • Gwilym Morris
Karan Saraf
The University of Manchester
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Nicholas Black
Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust
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Clifford Garratt
The University of Manchester
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Sahrkaw Muhyaldeen
Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust
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Gwilym Morris
The University of Manchester
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Abstract

Introduction Multiple contact-based ablation technologies have been developed to allow real-time judgement of lesion effectiveness; local impedance (LI) guided ablation and the role of ultra-high density (UHD) mapping have not yet been evaluated for cavotricuspid isthmus dependent atrial flutter (CTI-AFL). Methods This non-randomised observational study evaluated patients undergoing CTI-AFL ablation using conventional, contact force (CF) and LI guided strategies. Ablation metrics were collected, and in the LI cohort, the use of UHD mapping for breakthrough was evaluated. Results 30 patients were included, 10 in each group. Mean total ablation time was significantly shorter with LI (3.2±1.3min) vs conventional (5.6±2.7min) and CF (5.7±2.0min, p=0.0042). Time from start of ablation to CTI block was numerically shorter with LI (14.2±8.0min) vs conventional and CF (19.7±14.1 and 22.5±19.1min, p=0.4408). There were no differences in the number of lesions required to achieve block, procedural success, complication rates or recurrence. 15/30 patients did not achieve block following first-pass ablation. UHD mapping rapidly identified breakthrough in the 5 LI patients, including epicardial-endocardial breakthrough (EEB) away from the line. Conclusion The use of LI for real-time assessment of lesion formation resulted in significantly less ablation requirement. UHD mapping rapidly identified breakthrough, including EEB, which would likely have been difficult to identify otherwise and possibly require extensive ablation, contributing towards shortening of time to CTI block with LI.

Peer review status:UNDER REVIEW

06 Jan 2021Submitted to Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
06 Jan 2021Assigned to Editor
06 Jan 2021Submission Checks Completed
14 Jan 2021Reviewer(s) Assigned